Canadian and Russian Fisheries Management in the Arctic: Complexities, Commonalities and Contrasts
This article reviews and compares Canadian and Russian approaches to Arctic fisheries management through a three-part format. First, the complex array of laws and policies applicable to Arctic fisheries is described for each country. How Canada and Russia have addressed international fishery issues is also highlighted, including their participation in the 2018 Central Arctic Ocean Fisheries Agreement. Second, commonalities in fisheries governance approaches are summarized, including national commitments to implement precautionary and ecosystem approaches. Finally, contrasts in Arctic fisheries management are discussed. Major differences include the greater devolution of management responsibilities by Canada to Indigenous communities through land-claim agreements and co-management arrangements and Russia’s greater success in formalizing bilateral fisheries management arrangements with its neighbours.
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Keywords:Arctic fisheries, co-management, Barents Sea, Beaufort Sea, Baffin Bay/Davis Strait
Copyright (c) 2022 David L. VanderZwaag, Vitalii Vorobev, Olga Koubrak
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