Marine Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-based Conservation Measures


  • Suzanne Lalonde Université de Montréal, Canada
  • Aslan Abashidze RUDN University, Russian Federation
  • Alexander Solntsev RUDN University, Russian Federation


As the Earth’s changing climate has deepened into a climate crisis, the Arctic region has emerged as one of the clearest indicators of the scale and pace of that change. As the ice melts, opportunities are expanding to exploit the Arctic’s oil and gas reserves, precious metals, fish stocks and maritime routes. Increased access and development will inevitably generate “system-wide environmental impacts” and will pose novel management challenges for the Arctic states. In the quest to find an effective balance between competing ocean activities and actors, marine protected areas (MPAs) and other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs) have emerged as indispensable tools to achieve ocean health, including in the Arctic. After first introducing these concepts, this article will discuss the Canadian and Russian domestic regimes for the establishment of MPAs and OECMs. The conclusion will then offer some insights into the key challenges confronting both states in the creation of effective networks of MPAs and OECMs in their Arctic regions.

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Author Biographies

Suzanne Lalonde, Université de Montréal, Canada

Faculty of Law

Aslan Abashidze, RUDN University, Russian Federation

Law Institute

Alexander Solntsev, RUDN University, Russian Federation

Law Institute



How to Cite

Lalonde, S., Abashidze, A., & Solntsev, A. (2022). Marine Protected Areas and Other Effective Area-based Conservation Measures. Arctic Review on Law and Politics, 13, 312–337.



Original Articles



Arctic, marine protected areas, other effective area-based measures, Canada, Russia