Local Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility for Arctic Petroleum in the Barents Region

  • Ilan Kelman Institute for Risk & Disaster Reduction and Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, UK Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Oslo, Norway http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4191-6969
  • Julia S.P. Loe Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Oslo, Norway
  • Elana Wilson Rowe Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Oslo, Norway
  • Emma Wilson ECW Energy Ltd, London, UK
  • Nina Poussenkova IMEMO RAS, Moscow, Russia
  • Elena Nikitina IMEMO RAS, Moscow, Russia
  • Daniel Buikema Fjærtoft Sigra Group, Oslo, Norway

Abstract

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is promoted and critiqued by many players involved in or opposed to petroleum exploration and extraction, although a common understanding of CSR’s theoretical and practical meanings rarely exists. This paper uses Arctic petroleum in the Barents region (Norway and Russia) to investigate local perceptions of CSR. We conducted open-ended, semi-structured interviews in four locations: Hammerfest, Murmansk, Komi Republic, and Nenets Autonomous Okrug (NAO). Interviewees included the local population, regional and local authorities, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), and petroleum company representatives. The field research suggests that those who gain directly from the petroleum industry and do not directly experience negative impacts were more inclined to be positive about the industry, although overall, general support for petroleum activity was high. In some cases, positive economic benefits resulted in greater tolerance of environmental risk. Sometimes, the industry and government were criticised by locals for failing to support a more equitable distribution of broader economic benefits. Rather than splitting along for-profit/NGO or indigenous/non-indigenous lines, our analysis suggests that those who are closer to the petroleum industry or its benefits, termed ‘insiders’, tend to be more positive than ‘outsiders’. This study is perhaps the first of its kind in its focus on local perceptions of CSR for Arctic petroleum across the Barents region. The findings of this study not only match with that of the previous literature on Arctic petroleum but also provide further practical and theoretical insights by indicating subtleties and nuances within the localities examined.

(Published: November 2016)

Citation: I. Kelman et al. ‘‘Local Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility for Arctic Petroleum in the Barents Region.’’ Arctic Review on Law and Politics, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2016, pp. 152–178. http://dx.doi.org/10.17585/arctic.v7.418

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Published
2016-11-17
Section
Original Articles
How to Cite
KELMAN, Ilan et al. Local Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility for Arctic Petroleum in the Barents Region. Arctic Review, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 2, nov. 2016. ISSN 2387-4562. Available at: <https://arcticreview.no/index.php/arctic/article/view/418>. Date accessed: 28 june 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.17585/arctic.v7.418.

Keywords

gas; Hammerfest; Komi Republic; Murmansk; Nenets Autonomous Okrug (NAO); Norway; oil; Russia